What does data journalism look like the world over?
Finding data to work with is fairly straightforward in many Western countries, with increasing numbers of resources (such as the Guardian data blog) dedicated to assembling and showcasing varied datasets. No matter what topics you’re interested in, you will probably find relevant data to explore. But what about beyond, in countries where the value of open data has yet to make an impact? Or in countries where the leadership prefers to keep information under wraps. How do we begin digging it out?
In Turkey for example, the situation feels very different. Just recently I was working on a piece for for Middle East Eye about the trials, tribulations and triumphs of Turkish female software developers. I wanted to add an extra layer to the story by integrating a simple data visualisation. It would show the numbers of Turkish women in software careers.
My early efforts to find suitable data didn’t get very far. I Googled, asked fellow journalists (including Turkish speakers), and contacted organisations such as Kadin Yazilimci (Women Developers). The latter told me that they’re also looking for this data – and haven’t found it yet. I was at a dead end, running out of leads to find the information I wanted.
During a tech-related procrastination session, I discovered a fascinating blog called Source. It focuses on stories from the intersection of journalism and code. While browsing the articles, I came across one in particular that resonated in light of my earlier problems. The opening paragraph, with the irresistible words “Yangon tech hub” – couldn’t fail to hook me. I’ve been intrigued with Myanmar since visiting in 2012, just as the country was starting to open up.
Eva Constantaras, who wrote the piece, is a data journalist who also trains journalists in developing countries. She reflects on her experiences covering the November 2015 general elections in Myanmar; elections that represented its biggest leap towards democracy for decades. The article highlights the substantial quantity of election coverage, but points out that complexity remains lacking. This is unsurprising as Myanmar only gained widespread internet access in the last couple of years.
Cross-border partnerships to collect and manage open data are a ‘natural next step’, according to Constantaras. In this kind of collaboration, local journalists work with international news teams to provide deeper coverage of stories, including those involving data. Local topics of interest would benefit from global visibility with coverage on international platforms. These partnerships could obviously benefit from more open access to local data.
I faced the same problem when I visited Jamaica last summer. The only data sources I could find were from external organisations like the UN or World Bank, or a few rusty spreadsheets from local online sources. But they weren’t up to date enough to be really useful.
It would be great to have a one-stop online portal for all existing global data sources, from inside countries as well as from international organisations. I don’t know if anything like this already exists, or is being developed, but if so, I’d like to hear about it.